What is Periodontal (Gum) Disease?
Periodontal, gum, disease refers to the infection of the gums and the underlying tissue structures that support your teeth. If gums lose their structure and become infected, they can directly impact your teeth. This oral disease directly attacks sulcus, a shallow, V-shaped layer between the teeth and gums. The disease weakens the sulcus causing the tissues surrounding the teeth to break down and lose their flexibility. As the disease progresses, the sulcus deepens resulting in a deep gum pocket. The deeper the pocket become the worse the disease gets. This is why during the examination; the specialists check the depth of the sulcus, which should be between 3-4 millimeters. A deeper measurement could indicate a possibl gum disease.
- Bleeding gums
- Swollen, tender gums or change in the color of the gums
- Gums that seem to be pulled away from the teeth
- A bad taste that doesn’t go away with brushing
- Loose teeth
- Changes in dental structure